The initial written word of mankind was the beginning of Graphics! And its native land was none other then ancient caves and caverns! The very first symbol they had sketched through cave drawings, paintings, markings on boulders, bone, and ivory would be the foremost indication and evidence where graphic design was born, nursed, nourished and grown! Nevertheless, the word Graphic Design was named by William Addison Dwiggins in early 20th Century.
Anthropologists studying prehistoric periods on cave paintings leads us sooner than the Upper Paleolithic period from 40,000 - 10,000 B.C., where our ancestors were learning how to design signs and symbols that may be communicated visually; moreover they were successful on leaving their marks. The pioneers of graphic design are none other then our very own ancestors, who had lived within the caves and sketched their applying rocks.
History of graphics design roots to our own ancestors of ancient era where civilization was cultured in caves, and left their drawings and sketches for us on their own canvas of cave walls and ceilings.
The first drawings known today come from 6,000 years ago, are that of carved stone and pottery containers. Drawings contained in Egyptian pyramids with signs, symbols and letters are known to all and it leads us back 5000 years.
Furthermore, from 600-250 BC evolution on geometrical shape and structures in Europe played a significant role to add mass to designing and sketching. As an applied art of arranging images and text for an attempt of visual communication; the hand written copy of the Christian Bible "The Book of Kells", created by Irish monks in 9th century AD with rich illustrations is a good example of the evolution of graphic design.
Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg, a German metal-worker and an inventor, introduced a printing technology allowing the re-use of individual letters. The first book made by Gutenberg press was "The Incunabula". This book had become the standard in the history of book printing and publishing and was a giant leap for printing and publication; though, block stamping on sheets of paper with text and signs carved, was at use within Europe and Asia long before 14th century; however, Graphics of the era was formatting and that we today have named it Old-style graphics.
Guttenberg era of graphic design evolution was sluggish, until the 19th century, in Britain the division created between art work and applied art boosted this evolution, plus they successfully published probably the most major graphics products with the Arts movement. William Morris made a lot of business of publishing books with stylish printings and contributed a significant role to attract the potential market in addition to commercializing graphic design; additionally he was the pioneer for that separation of commercial design and fine arts.
Another painter from the 19th century was Piet Mondrian whose innovation has greatly influenced today's modern graphic artist. Though he was not a picture designer, his uses of grids was the origin of contemporary day advertisement known as the grid system; widely used by graphic designer of our century today.
With the decadence of classical style, modern graphic design engrossed in early 20th century with designs affected by fine arts. The trademark of early modern fonts is the sans-serif typeface. In 1928, the book "New Typography" compiled by Jan Tschichold systemized the philosophy of contemporary typography.
Furthermore, the fathers of contemporary graphic design are still considered to be typographers for example Herbert Bayer, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, and El Lissitzky because they broke new ground on typography building techniques and stylizing. Modern computer technology is different typography production altogether, as well as the experimental and evolutionary approach their contribution was highly recognizable.
The booming and flourishing period for graphics was after The second world war; as the American economy thrived, the need for graphics, particularly on advertisement and packaging sectors blossomed.
I really like NY ad campaign (1973) and a famous Bob Dylan poster (1968) created by Milton Glaser are types of applied graphic design culture and its influence. Progressions in graphics in the early Twentieth century were mostly enthused by technological expansion in printing and in photography. But in the mid of the century, the raising from the computer era in graphics has faced little backwards as early computers were far weaker and computer memory was limited. However, within the end of the century using the immense development of computers and it is corresponding technologies, modern graphics has evolved right into a business that's done almost positioned on computers.
In mid 1980, the appearance of desktop publishing and the launching of computer programs like Illustrator and PageMaker introduced a period of designers to computer image manipulation and 3D image creation. Computer graphics facilitates instantaneous effects of layout or typography changes.
Today, graphics the visual communication, is yielded in the rich soil of computer ground, fertilized with latest software and hardware technologies. Graphic designers worldwide plough through computers packed with the latest gadgets and gizmos, software and hardware, academic and technology, information and communication, and therefore are generating the new history of graphics within their design laboratories.